Effect of a long-term low tryptophan diet on the prolactin responses to the 5-HT1A and 5-HT2C agonists, 8-OH-DPAT and mCPP in the male rat.
Franklin M., Craven RD., Dowling B., Campling G., Elliott JM., Cowen PJ.
The study was undertaken to assess the long term effects of tryptophan (TRP) depletion through diet on the prolactin (PRL) responses to the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptophan, 5-HT) agonists m-chlorophenyl-piperazine (mCPP) and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) in the male rat. The low TRP diet caused significant reductions in both plasma total TRP and brain cortical 5-HT content together with a significant increase in the PRL responses to mCPP. In contrast the PRL responses to 8-OH-DPAT in animals on the low TRP diet for 1 week and 6 weeks were similar to control rats. However, a small but significant increase in PRL was observed at 2 min after dosing in the 1-week group. At the same time the 3H-8-OH-DPAT binding parameters, Kd and Bmax, were similar in both control and TRP depleted animals. The results confirm that long-term TRP depletion causes a deficiency of brain TRP and a subsequent reduction of brain 5-HT. This is associated with an enhanced PRL response to mCPP probably resulting from a functional up-regulation of post-synaptic 5-HT2C receptors. The small or transient changes brought about by long-term TRP depletion on post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors, suggests that these receptors may be less susceptible to 5-HT depleting effects than the 5-HT2C subtype.