NAADP mediates ATP-induced Ca2+ signals in astrocytes.
Barceló-Torns M., Lewis AM., Gubern A., Barneda D., Bloor-Young D., Picatoste F., Churchill GC., Claro E., Masgrau R.
Intracellular Ca(2+) signals provide astrocytes with a specific form of excitability that enables them to regulate synaptic transmission. In this study, we demonstrate that NAADP-AM, a membrane-permeant analogue of the new second messenger nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), mobilizes Ca(2+) in astrocytes and that the response is blocked by Ned-19, an antagonist of NAADP signalling. We also show that NAADP receptors are expressed in lysosome-related acidic vesicles. Pharmacological disruption of either NAADP or lysosomal signalling reduced Ca(2+) responses induced by ATP and endothelin-1, but not by bradykinin. Furthermore, ATP increased endogenous NAADP levels. Overall, our data provide evidence for NAADP being an intracellular messenger for agonist-mediated calcium signalling in astrocytes.