Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In humans, polyadenylation of messenger RNA (mRNA) protects transcripts from degradation and enhances translation efficiency. Conversely, in bacteria, polyadenylation destabilizes mRNA. RNA adenylation was recently implicated in promoting degradation of some yeast RNAs by the exosome. The exosome complex of exoribonucleases is a major degradation machine in eukaryotes, and many of its components share significant homology with bacterial exonucleases. The human beta-globin pre-mRNA is cotranscriptionally cleaved within its 3' flank. Here, we show that some RNA ends, coinciding with these cotranscriptionally cleaved regions, contain short A tails on their 3' ends. Moreover, all of the pre-mRNA species detected accumulate in the absence of the exosome. We have also detected adenylation on RNA 3' ends originating within the mouse serum albumin (MSA) 3' flanking region RNA. This step in pre-mRNA degradation may represent an additional role for adenylation in mammals.

Original publication




Journal article


Mol Cell

Publication Date





437 - 443


Animals, Base Sequence, Exoribonucleases, Globins, Humans, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Polyadenylation, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA Precursors, RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional, RNA Stability, RNA, Messenger, Serum Albumin