Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: Intensive case management is commonly advocated for the care of the severely mentally ill, but evidence of its cost-effectiveness is lacking. AIMS: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of intensive compared with standard case management for patients with severe psychosis. METHOD: 708 patients with psychosis and a history of repeated hospital admissions were randomly allocated to standard (case-loads 30-35) or intensive (case-loads 10-15) case management. Clinical and resource use data were assessed over two years. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between intensive and standard case management in the total two-year costs of care per patient (means 24,550 Pounds and 22,700 Pounds, respectively, difference 1850 Pounds, 95% CI--1600 Pounds to 5300 Pounds). There was no evidence of differential effects in African-Caribbean patients or in the most disabled. Psychiatric in-patient hospital stay accounted for 47% of the total costs, but neither such hospitalisation nor other clinical outcomes differed between the randomised groups. CONCLUSION: Reduced case-loads have no clear beneficial effect on costs, clinical outcome or cost-effectiveness. The policy of advocating intensive case management for patients with severe psychosis is not supported by these results.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date

06/2000

Volume

176

Pages

537 - 543

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Critical Care, Follow-Up Studies, Hospitalization, Humans, Middle Aged, Psychotic Disorders, Treatment Outcome, West Indies