Factors affecting prognosis in male anorexics.
Burns T., Crisp AH.
Twenty-seven male anorexics have been followed up over 2-20 yr (mean 8 yr) and their outcome assessed. This has been compared with outcome in female patients with similar pictures at presentation (Burns and Crisp, 1984). Features of the family and personal history and clinical aspects of the disease at presentation were compared with outcome and a number found to be significantly associated with it. Poor relationship with parents during childhood and the absence of normal adolescent sexual behavior and fantasy premorbidly were strongly predictive of a poor outcome. Long duration of illness, previous treatment and greater weight loss during illness were also associated with poor outcome, although no specific dietary behaviour was predictive. The remarkable similarity in outcome pattern between the male and female prompts re-evaluation of some theories of the nature of the role of sexual conflicts in anorexia nervosa.