Ethnic differences in self-harm, rates, characteristics and service provision: three-city cohort study.
Cooper J., Murphy E., Webb R., Hawton K., Bergen H., Waters K., Kapur N.
BACKGROUND: Studies of self-harm in Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups have been restricted to single geographical areas, with few studies of Black people. AIMS: To calculate age- and gender-specific rates of self-harm by ethnic group in three cities and compare characteristics and outcomes. METHOD: A population-based self-harm cohort presenting to five emergency departments in three English cities during 2001 to 2006. RESULTS: A total of 20 574 individuals (16-64 years) presented with self-harm; ethnicity data were available for 75%. Rates of self-harm were highest in young Black females (16-34 years) in all three cities. Risk of self-harm in young South Asian people varied between cities. Black and minority ethnic groups were less likely to receive a psychiatric assessment and to re-present with self-harm. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increased risk of self-harm in young Black females fewer receive psychiatric care. Our findings have implications for assessment and appropriate management for some BME groups following self-harm.