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Human fibrillin-1, the major structural protein of connective tissue 10-12 nm microfibrils, contains multiple calcium binding epidermal growth factor-like domains interspersed with transforming growth factor beta-binding protein-like (TB) domains. TB4 contains a flexible RGD loop that mediates cell adhesion via alphaVbeta3 and alpha5beta1 integrins. This study identifies integrin alphaVbeta6 as a novel cellular receptor for fibrillin-1 with a K(d) of approximately 0.45 mum. Analyses of this interaction by surface plasmon resonance and immunocytochemistry reveal different module requirements for alphaVbeta6 activation compared with those of alphaVbeta3, suggesting that a covalent linkage of an N-terminal calcium binding epidermal growth factor-like domain to TB4 can modulate alphaV integrin binding specificity. Furthermore, our data suggest alpha5beta1 is a low affinity fibrillin-1 receptor (K(d) > 1 mum), thus providing a molecular explanation for the different alpha5beta1 distribution patterns seen when human keratinocytes and fibroblasts are plated on recombinant fibrillin fragments versus those derived from the physiological ligand fibronectin. Non-focal contact distribution of alpha5beta1 suggests that its engagement by fibrillin-1 may elicit a lesser degree and/or different type of intracellular signaling compared with that seen with a high affinity ligand.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M607008200

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

02/03/2007

Volume

282

Pages

6743 - 6751

Keywords

Antigens, Neoplasm, Binding Sites, Fibrillin-1, Fibrillins, Fibronectins, Humans, Integrin alpha5beta1, Integrin alphaVbeta3, Integrins, Microfilament Proteins, Peptide Fragments, Protein Binding, Surface Plasmon Resonance