PCGF1-PRC1 links chromatin repression with DNA replication during hematopoietic cell lineage commitment.
Takano J., Ito S., Dong Y., Sharif J., Nakajima-Takagi Y., Umeyama T., Han Y-W., Isono K., Kondo T., Iizuka Y., Miyai T., Koseki Y., Ikegaya M., Sakihara M., Nakayama M., Ohara O., Hasegawa Y., Hashimoto K., Arner E., Klose RJ., Iwama A., Koseki H., Ikawa T.
Polycomb group proteins (PcG), polycomb repressive complexes 1 and 2 (PRC1 and 2), repress lineage inappropriate genes during development to maintain proper cellular identities. It has been recognized that PRC1 localizes at the replication fork, however, the precise functions of PRC1 during DNA replication are elusive. Here, we reveal that a variant PRC1 containing PCGF1 (PCGF1-PRC1) prevents overloading of activators and chromatin remodeling factors on nascent DNA and thereby mediates proper deposition of nucleosomes and correct downstream chromatin configurations in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). This function of PCGF1-PRC1 in turn facilitates PRC2-mediated repression of target genes such as Hmga2 and restricts premature myeloid differentiation. PCGF1-PRC1, therefore, maintains the differentiation potential of HSPCs by linking proper nucleosome configuration at the replication fork with PcG-mediated gene silencing to ensure life-long hematopoiesis.