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We tested the hypothesis that intrusive visual images could develop from listening to a traumatic verbal report. Eighty-six participants listened to a traumatic verbal report under one of three conditions: while shaping plasticine (visuospatial condition), while performing articulatory suppression (verbal condition), or with no extra task (control condition). Results showed that intrusive visual images developed from listening to the traumatic report. In line with the idea that central executive processes guide encoding of information, intrusion frequency was reduced in both the visuospatial and the verbal condition compared to the no task control condition. Overall, this pattern is similar to intrusive images from a traumatic film as found in earlier studies. This study provides a valuable addition to models of posttraumatic stress disorder and autobiographical memory. Additionally, the results have potential implications for therapists working with traumatized individuals.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.09.009

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Anxiety Disord

Publication Date

01/2010

Volume

24

Pages

134 - 140

Keywords

Adult, Affect, Analysis of Variance, Attention, Executive Function, Female, Humans, Imagination, Individuality, Male, Mental Recall, Models, Psychological, Patient Compliance, Patient Selection, Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires