[Age dependence of the level of copia retrotransposon expression in the testes of Drosophila melanogaster].
Tsybul'ko EA., Morozova TV., Filatov DA., Pasiukova EG.
Expression of the lacZ reporter gene controlled by various deletion derivatives of the regulatory region of the copia retrotransposon was studied in the testes of adult transgenic males of the Drosophila melanogaster y1W67c23(2) strain at the age of 3, 6-9, 12-15, 18-21, and 24-27 days. When the construct contained the full-length regulatory region, which included the 5'-long terminal repeat (LTR) and the 5'-untranslated region (UTR), expression was the lowest in males aged 12-15 days and the highest in males aged 3 or 24-27 days. A similar V-shaped age dependence was previously observed for the copia transposition rate and RNA content in a strain with a high rate of copia transposition. Thus, the V-shaped age dependence of expression, which is unusual for Drosophila, proved to be characteristic of copia regardless of its transposition rate. Deletion of the 5' or 3' end of the LTR, but not of the UTR, changed the age dependence of the level of reporter gene expression. In this case, expression was the highest in 3-day-old males and gradually decreased with age, as typical for many Drosophila genes. It was assumed that the 5'- and 3'-terminal regions of the copia LTR contain regulatory elements responsible for the V-shaped age dependence of expression, while the expression level depends to a greater extent on the regulatory elements of UTR.