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The biochemical properties of the molecular interactions mediating viral-cell recognition are poorly characterized. In this study, we use surface plasmon resonance to study the affinity and kinetics of the interaction of echovirus 11 with its cellular receptor decay-accelerating factor (CD55). As reported for interactions between cell-cell recognition molecules, the interaction has a low affinity (KD approximately 3.0 microM) as a result of a very fast dissociation rate constant (kon approximately 10(5) M-1.s-1, koff approximately 0.3 s-1). This contrasts with the interaction of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1, CD54) with human rhinovirus 3 which has been reported to have a similar affinity but 10(2)-10(3)-fold slower kinetics (Casasnovas, J. M., and Springer, T. A. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 13216-13224). The extracellular portion of decay-accelerating factor comprises four short consensus repeat domains (domains 1-4) and a mucin-like stalk. By comparison of the binding affinity for echovirus 11 of various fragments of decay-accelerating factor, we are able to conclude that short consensus repeat domain 3 contributes approximately 80% of the binding energy.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

13/11/1998

Volume

273

Pages

30443 - 30447

Keywords

Antigens, CD55, Biosensing Techniques, Cell Line, Consensus Sequence, Enterovirus B, Human, Humans, Kinetics, Membrane Glycoproteins, Pichia, Protein Binding, Receptors, Virus, Recombinant Proteins