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Determining the evolutionary relationships between genes is fundamental to comparative biological research. Here, we present SHOOT. SHOOT searches a user query sequence against a database of phylogenetic trees and returns a tree with the query sequence correctly placed within it. We show that SHOOT performs this analysis with comparable speed to a BLAST search. We demonstrate that SHOOT phylogenetic placements are as accurate as conventional tree inference, and it can identify orthologs with high accuracy. In summary, SHOOT is a fast and accurate tool for phylogenetic analyses of novel query sequences. It is available online at .

Original publication




Journal article


Genome Biol

Publication Date





Orthology inference, Phylogenetic tree inference, Sequence similarity search