Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has become a routine procedure to treat symptomatic carotid artery disease and reduce the risk of recurrent cerebral ischemic events. The purpose of this study was to use an arterial spin labeling dynamic magnetic resonance angiography technique to characterize intracranial hemodynamics before and after CEA. METHODS: Thirty-seven carotid artery disease patients participated in this study, of whom 24 underwent magnetic resonance imaging before and after CEA. Seventeen control subjects spanning 5 decades underwent magnetic resonance imaging to assess age-related changes. Hemodynamic metrics (that is, relative time to peak and amplitude) were calculated with a γ-variate model. Linear regression was used to relate carotid artery disease burden to downstream hemodynamics in the circle of Willis. RESULTS: Relative time to peak increased with age in controls (P<0.020). For patients, relative time to peak was positively correlated with percent stenosis (P<0.050), independent of age. At 1 day after CEA, the middle cerebral artery ipsilateral to the CEA showed significant dynamic magnetic resonance angiography changes: relative time to peak decreased (P<0.017) and the flow amplitude increased (P<0.009). No pre- versus post-CEA changes were significant in the contralateral middle cerebral artery or posterior segments. CONCLUSIONS: This noninvasive, arterial spin labeling-based method produced time-resolved images that were used to characterize intracranial arterial flow associated with aging, extracranial carotid artery disease, and CEA. Results demonstrate that the technique has the sensitivity to detect hemodynamic changes after CEA.

Original publication

DOI

10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.590786

Type

Journal article

Journal

Stroke

Publication Date

04/2011

Volume

42

Pages

979 - 984

Keywords

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Carotid Stenosis, Cerebral Arteries, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Endarterectomy, Carotid, Female, Hemodynamics, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Male, Middle Aged