Scavenging of 14-3-3 proteins reveals their involvement in the cell-surface transport of ATP-sensitive K+ channels.
Heusser K., Yuan H., Neagoe I., Tarasov AI., Ashcroft FM., Schwappach B.
Arginine (Arg)-based endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localization signals are involved in the quality control of different heteromultimeric membrane protein complexes. ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are unique because each subunit in the heterooctamer contains an Arg-based ER-localization signal. We have dissected the inactivation events that override the ER-localization activity of the eight peptide-sorting motifs. Employing a 14-3-3-scavenger construct to lower the availability of 14-3-3 proteins, we found that 14-3-3 proteins promote the cell-surface expression of heterologously expressed and native KATP channels. 14-3-3 proteins were detected in physical association with KATP channels in a pancreatic beta-cell line. Our results suggest that the Arg-based signal present in Kir6.2 is sterically masked by the SUR1 subunit. By contrast, 14-3-3 proteins functionally antagonized the Arg-based signal present in SUR1. The last ten amino acids were required for efficient 14-3-3 recruitment to multimeric forms of the Kir6.2 C-terminus. Channels containing a pore-forming subunit lacking these residues reached the cell surface inefficiently but were functionally indistinguishable from channels formed by the full-length subunits. In conclusion, 14-3-3 proteins promote the cell-surface transport of correctly assembled complexes but do not regulate the activity of KATP channels at the cell surface.