Dissociating spatial attention from neglect dyslexia: A single case study.
Moore MJ., Demeyere N.
Word-centred neglect dyslexia is generally thought to be caused by a visuospatial neglect-like attentional deficit which impacts orientation-canonical representations of visual stimuli. However, the relationship between word-centred neglect dyslexia and more general attentional processes is not well described. Here, we investigated the impact of attentional load manipulations within a case of word-centred neglect dyslexia. This study presents data from a single case, Patient CD, who exhibited ipsilesional word-centred neglect dyslexia in conjunction with severe, contralesional allocentric neglect. CD demonstrated an intact ability to name all letters in visually presented words, but committed neglect dyslexia errors when subsequently asked to read the same word as a whole. The severity of patient CD's neglect dyslexia was not found to be impacted by attentional manipulations. We found no effect of exposure time or visual crowding on the frequency of neglect dyslexia errors. This absence of an apparent, right-lateralised perceptual deficit, comorbid left-lateralised object-centred neglect, and insensitivity to attentional load manipulations suggests that the deficit underlying word-centred neglect dyslexia is not related to broad visuo-spatial attention. These findings suggest that neglect dyslexia and domain-general visuospatial neglect may not be as related as previously asserted.