In situ deteriorating patient simulation in general practice.
Lawrence J., Eastwick-Field P., Maloney A., Higham H.
BACKGROUND: GP practices have limited access to medical emergency training and basic life support is often taught out of context as a skills-based event. AIM: To develop and evaluate a whole team integrated simulation-based education, to enhance learning, change behaviours and provide safer care. METHOD: Phase 1: 10 practices piloted a 3-hour programme delivering 40 minutes BLS and AED skills and 2-hour deteriorating patient simulation. Three scenarios where developed: adult chest pain, child anaphylaxis and baby bronchiolitis. An adult simulation patient and relative were used and a child and baby manikin. Two facilitators trained in coaching and debriefing used the 3D debriefing model. Phase 2: 12 new practices undertook identical training derived from Phase 1, with pre- and post-course questionnaires. Teams were scored on: team working, communication, early recognition and systematic approach. The team developed action plans derived from their learning to inform future response. Ten of the 12 practices from Phase 2 received an emergency drill within 6 months of the original session. Three to four members of the whole team integrated training, attended the drill, but were unaware of the nature of the scenario before. Scoring was repeated and action plans were revisited to determine behaviour changes. RESULTS: Every emergency drill demonstrated improved scoring in skills and behaviour. CONCLUSION: A combination of: in situ GP simulation, appropriately qualified facilitators in simulation and debriefing, and action plans developed by the whole team suggests safer care for patients experiencing a medical emergency.