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The chromatin remodeling gene CHD8 represents a central node in neurodevelopmental gene networks implicated in autism. We examined the impact of germline heterozygous frameshift Chd8 mutation on neurodevelopment in mice. Chd8+/del5 mice displayed normal social interactions with no repetitive behaviors but exhibited cognitive impairment correlated with increased regional brain volume, validating that phenotypes of Chd8+/del5 mice overlap pathology reported in humans with CHD8 mutations. We applied network analysis to characterize neurodevelopmental gene expression, revealing widespread transcriptional changes in Chd8+/del5 mice across pathways disrupted in neurodevelopmental disorders, including neurogenesis, synaptic processes and neuroimmune signaling. We identified a co-expression module with peak expression in early brain development featuring dysregulation of RNA processing, chromatin remodeling and cell-cycle genes enriched for promoter binding by Chd8, and we validated increased neuronal proliferation and developmental splicing perturbation in Chd8+/del5 mice. This integrative analysis offers an initial picture of the consequences of Chd8 haploinsufficiency for brain development.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/nn.4592

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Neurosci

Publication Date

08/2017

Volume

20

Pages

1062 - 1073

Keywords

Animals, Brain, Cell Cycle Proteins, Chromatin, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Gene Regulatory Networks, Haploinsufficiency, Mice, Transgenic, Mutation, Phenotype, Transcription Factors