Circulation of chikungunya virus East/Central/South African lineage in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Xavier J., Giovanetti M., Fonseca V., Thézé J., Gräf T., Fabri A., Goes de Jesus J., Lima de Mendonça MC., Damasceno Dos Santos Rodrigues C., Mares-Guia MA., Cardoso Dos Santos C., Fraga de Oliveira Tosta S., Candido D., Ribeiro Nogueira RM., Luiz de Abreu A., Kleber Oliveira W., Campelo de Albuquerque CF., Chieppe A., de Oliveira T., Brasil P., Calvet G., Carvalho Sequeira P., Rodrigues Faria N., Bispo de Filippis AM., Alcantara LCJ.
The emergence of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has raised serious concerns due to the virus' rapid dissemination into new geographic areas and the clinical features associated with infection. To better understand CHIKV dynamics in Rio de Janeiro, we generated 11 near-complete genomes by means of real-time portable nanopore sequencing of virus isolates obtained directly from clinical samples. To better understand CHIKV dynamics in Rio de Janeiro, we generated 11 near-complete genomes by means of real-time portable nanopore sequencing of virus isolates obtained directly from clinical samples. Our phylogenetic reconstructions indicated the circulation of the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) lineage in Rio de Janeiro. Time-measured phylogenetic analysis combined with CHIKV notified case numbers revealed the ECSA lineage was introduced in Rio de Janeiro around June 2015 (95% Bayesian credible interval: May to July 2015) indicating the virus was circulating unnoticed for 5 months before the first reports of CHIKV autochthonous transmissions in Rio de Janeiro, in November 2015. These findings reinforce that continued genomic surveillance strategies are needed to assist in the monitoring and understanding of arbovirus epidemics, which might help to attenuate public health impact of infectious diseases.